The Greatest integer function

In set notation we would write this as . It is also called the floor function and step function.

Example. , and

**Domain and Range of Greatest integer function**

Domain of greatest integer function is ( the set of all real numbers) and range is ( the set of all integers ) as it only attains integer value.

**Graph of Greatest integer function**

Let be the greatest integer function define as

for all

Let us calculate some value of for different value of .

The graph of greatest integer function is given below.

**Greatest integer function is neither one-one nor onto**

A function from to is said to be one-one if whenever then . It means distinct elements have distinct image.

Here is given by ,

we can see that and .

but

Hence is not one-one.

A function from to is called onto if for all there is an such that

Now consider .

It is known that is always an integer. Thus there does not exists any element such that . Thus is not onto.

Hence , the Greatest integer function is neither one-one nor onto.

**Continuity and differentiability of greatest integer function**

Continuity and differentiability are properties of a function at a specific point rather than properties of a function as a whole . A function is said to be continuous at a point **c **if each of the following condition is satisfied.

(i) exists. (c is in the domain of )

(ii) exists and

(iii)

Geometrically, this means that there is no gap, split or missing point for at and that a pencil could be moved along the graph of f(x) through without lifting it off the graph.

Greatest integer function is continous at all points apart from integral values of . It is also differentiable with , at all points apart from integral values of .

Let be an integer .Then we can find a sufficiently small real number such that whereas . Thus

and .

Since these limits cannot be equal to each other for any , the function is discontinous at every integral points.

The greatest integer function is continuous at evety real no. other than integers. For example

Let’s take x=1.5 . Then

In general, if is any number which is not an integer and , is an integer , then .